A jumping competition is one in which the combination of horse and rider is tested under various conditions over a course of obstacles. It is intended to demonstrate the horse's freedom, energy, skill, speed and obedience in jumping as well as the rider's horsemanship.
The competitor incurs penalties for exceeding the time allowed or for knocking down or refusing to jump an obstacle. The winner is the competitor who finishes with the least number of penalties.
Classes in show jumping (also known as stadium jumping or simply jumping) are seen in English shows throughout the world, including the Olympics, and are governed by the United States Equestrian Federation in the U.S. and the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI) internationally.
Discipline Association: United States Hunter Jumper Association
Information provided by the United States Equestrian Federation